Misc Frogs II
Misc Frogs III
Misc Frogs IV
Misc Frogs V
Pet World Visit
Sudden Changes. Sudden
changes in population, temperature, pH, ammonia, and nitrite can cause BIG
problems FAST in small tanks. The
larger your tank, the less you need to worry about how closely you
“follow the rules” -- ours, yours, or anyone else’s.
for Leaks. Never put your
tank on top of a TV or stereo system.
Even non-leaky tanks splash and bubble – particularly when you
clean them. And always test
for leaks before you decorate your tank.
You can’t put fish in it today, so use part of your waiting
period to test for leaks – before adding any chemicals or decorations to
your aquarium setup.
it in the Right Place. Once
you put water in your tank, you don’t
want to move it. Even a
10-gallon tank weighs 100 pounds. Keep
it away from sunny windows, drafts, high-traffic areas, unsupervised play
areas, air conditioning and heating vents.
Always put your tank on a level surface.
Electrical Outlets. Pick a
place with an electrical outlet unused by other sources.
need at least three outlets. Your
hardware store sells a multi-outlet surge protector or you can use a
heavy-duty grounded extension cord.
an Under Gravel Filter. With
a UG filter, your air pump pulls water through your gravel and up your air
lift tubes. As water flows
through the gravel it aerates billions of bacteria that it drifts past.
Bacteria help convert liquid fish wastes and dissolve solid fish
Filters Biologically. Two
tribes of helpful bacteria -- the Nitrosomonas (sorry no photo on
file) and the Nitrobacters (ditto) -- convert harmful
Some people prefer power filters over under gravel filters.
Of the two types of filters, we strongly recommend the under gravel
filter. They never wear out --
unless Eric pushes a gravel vacuum cleaner thru your filter plate.
They’re easy to maintain, economical, and efficient.
Best of all, they convert poisonous fish wastes to harmless
substances. However, when you
add a power filter, you get the best of both worlds.
The two working together make a great combo.
Aquarium Gravel. Avoid
sand and large, lumpy gravel. Sand
sifts through the slots in your filter.
It also “packs.” Big
lumpy rocks don’t allow your bottom filter to work right.
Regular aquarium gravel always works best -- natural or colored.
Use 1 ½ pounds of
gravel per gallon of water as a rough estimate.
If you want to raise live plants or build interesting terraces, you probably need more
Your Heater. Tropical fishes
need 75 to 80o. The new submersible heaters work
so great, we can’t over-recommend them.
They cost three times as much as the printed circuit ones, and they’re
worth it. By the way,
there’s an easier way to set your printed circuit heater than it says on
in your heater.
● Let it set for five minutes.
enough hot water to warm your tank to 75o
crank up your heater till your “pilot light” turns on.
all set. The submersible
heaters are easier yet. You
just dial the temperature you want. You’re
Well, you have to plug it in.
Well, you have to plug it in.
Right Size-Heater. Plain
and not so plain goldfish survive without a heater just fine.
But if you prefer the exotics (goldfish as well as tropicals), you
need a heater. A constant
temperature helps prevent diseases – especially parasites such as ich.
You need about five watts per gallon.
In a cool basement, you’ll need a much larger heater than normal.
Regular Maintenance. It
takes only 20 to 60 minutes per week to maintain an aquarium -- including
small amounts twice a day.
your filter cartridges every 4 to 8 weeks.
your gravel cleaner weekly.
25% of your water per week.
water conditioner (and salt to taste).
● Wipe your inside front glass weekly. Yes, you may get your hannies wet.
your outside front glass weekly.
Your Water. Avoid putting
your fishes in fresh water straight out of the faucet.
a Water Conditioner. Always
age water at least 24 hours -- more if possible and add a water
This rule also applies to any water
changes greater than 20%. Oscars
and other large fishes will survive water changes up to 50%, because
they’re much tougher than little
Use a Fluorescent Light The
fish don’t need a light – you do.
You want the light so you can see your fascinating new pets.
Fluorescent lights work best because:
● They last longer.
● They cost less to run.
● They enhance fish colors.
fixtures cost about 10 bucks less at first, but cost more in the first two
years just from replacing the bulbs. We
strongly recommend fluorescent lights.
Your Tank Many fish need
nooks and crannies for security. In
the wild, their ability to hide keeps them out of predators’ bellies.
In your tank, they need the same feeling of security.
Once they adjust to their new quarters, they’ll come right out
and show off.
rocks, and plants make a natural aquascape. But fish
(actually fish keepers) also like
sunken ships, ceramic skulls, resin rocks, and other ornaments.
Just avoid bare tanks -- except for breeding or quarantine
are easy to keep, educational, fascinating, beautiful, and fun. LA
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Betta Breed 1
Betta Breed II
Betta Pla Kat
Pleco Costly I
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Pleco Costly III
Pleco Costly IV
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Misc Catfish II
Misc Catfish III
Misc Catfish IV
Misc Catfish V
Jack Dempsey Spawn
Jaguar Spawning II
Rainbowfish, Dwarf Neon