Fish Diseases – The Ounce of Prevention
Aqualand tells you how to avoid nasty medications
 
 
Amphibians
Axolotls
Caecilian Worm
Chaco Toad
Mud Puppies

Newts General
Newts Eastern
Newts Golden

Newts Mandarin
Salamanders
Suriname Toad
Tadpoles
Terrarium I
Terrarium II
USA Toads
Water Dogs
Misc. Toads

Frogs
Bull
Clawed
Dumpy
Dwarf
Fire-Belly
Floating
Green Tree
Leopard
Pac Man
Pipa pipa
Pyxie
Red-Eyed Tree
Tomato
Misc Frogs 
Misc Frogs II
Misc Frogs III
Misc Frogs IV

Misc Frogs V

Animals
Bunnies
Bunnies II 

Cat-N-Around Cat Club
Cat-N-Around Cat Club 2007 Annual Show
Hawkeye Cat Club 2004
Hawkeye Cat Club 2005
Chinchillas
Degus
Ferrets
Ferrets by BOB
Gerbils
Ground Squirrels
Guinea Pig
Hamsters I
Hamsters II
Hamsters III
Hamsters IV
Hamsters V
Hedgehogs
Kittens
Kids & Kittens
Mice
Mice Pets II
Parasites
Rats I
Rats II
Rats III
Rats, Hairless
S-T Opossums
Siberian Chipmunks
Sugar Gliders
Sugar Gliders II
Water Bottles

Bugs
Crabby 500
Crab 04 Results
Centipedes
Cray/Lobsters
Crayfish II
Crayfish III
Cray, Yucatan
Fiddler Crabs
Shrimp, Algae
Shrimp, Aqua
Shrimp, Orange Bee
Shrimp, Red
Shrimp, Flower

Shrimp, Ghost
Shrimp, Rudolph
Hermit Crabs
Hermit Crabs II
Madagas Roach
Mantids
Mini-Clams
Mini-Crabs
Patriot Crabs
Giant Millipedes
Red Claw Crabs
Reiman Butterfly
Spider, Black Widow
Snail, Apple
Snail, Colombian
Snail, Land
Snail, Malaysian

Snail, Mystery
Snail, Trapdoor 
Scorpions
Tarantulas
Tarantulas II
Tarantula Night 2006
TarantulaWeen VII
TarantulaWeen 9
Walking Stick
Misc. Bugs
Misc Bugs II  

Birds
Breeding Tips

Button Quail
Canaries

Cockatiels
Dove, Diamond
Dove, Ringneck
Finches
Love Birds
Parakeets
Pelleted Foods
Quaker Parrots

Parrot Pictures
Parrot Pix II

Parrot Pix III
Dave's Parrots


Lizards
Alligators
Anoles
Bearded Dragon

Beardies II
Calotes
Chamel, Jackson
Chamel, Panther
Chamel, Veiled
Crested Geckos
Gecko, Golden

Gecko, House
Gecko, Leopard
Gecko, Tokay
Horned "Toads"
Iguana New
Iguana Dragons
Iguana Q&A I
Iguana Q&A II
Iguana Training
Iguana Update
Cool Iguana Pics
Knight Anoles
Monitors, Nile

Monitors, Savana
Monitors, Water

Salmonella
Skinks
Skinks Blue-Tongue
Tegus
Uromastyx maliensis
Water Dragon
Misc Lizards
Misc Lizards 2
Misc Lizards 3
Misc Lizards 4
Misc Lizards 5

Misc Lizards 6
Misc Lizards 7
Misc Lizards 8
Misc Lizards 9
Misc Lizards 10


Snakes
Anacondas
Boa, Rosy

Boa, Red-Tail
Corn Snake
Garter Snake
Green Snake
Kids/Corn Snakes
Kids/Red-Tail Boas

Kids at Pet Expo 1

Kids at Pet Expo 2

Kids at Pet Expo 3

Kids at Pet Expo 4

Kids at Pet Expo 5
King & Milk
Python, Ball
Python, Burmese

Snakes Alive
Snakesgiving
Snakesgiving II

Misc Snake Pix
Misc Snakes II

Misc Snakes III  

Turtles/Tortoises
Box, Asian
Box, USA
Races
Snapping

Spiny

Sulcata
Water

Western Painted

Live Foods
Blackworms
Blood Worms
Br Shrimp I
Br
Shrimp II
Crayfish 1
Crayfish 2
Crayfish 3 
Crickets
Dandelions
Daphnia
Earthworms
Feeder Goldfish
Fruit Flies
Ghost Shrimp

Glass Worms

Grindal Worms
Infusoria
Mealworms
Microworms
Rosy Reds

Super Worms

Wax Worms
White Clouds

 

Decorating
Bubbles
Driftwood
Gravel
Plastic Plants
Rocks
Slow Growing Plants

Miscellaneous
Bob's Acclimation

How to Start
How to Add New Fish
How to Keep Healthy
Which Fish Get Along?
10 Questions to Ask
What is Ich?
Under Gravel Filters

Sponge Filters
Cloudy Water

Cool Water Tanks
Gravel Vacuums
Preventing Disease
Feeding to the Max
Frozen Foods
Green Water
Nasty Chemicals
Overfeeding
Power Filters
Rift Lake Salts
Quarantine Tank
Mini-Tank
2nd Av Bait

Pet World Visit
Dandelions

Aquatic Plants
Amazon Swords
More Swords
Sword Plants III

Anubias
Anacharis
Aponogetons
A. boivinianus
A. fenestralis
A. ulvaceous
Aquarium/Bog
Banana Plant
Bolbitis
Bunch
Bunch Plants II
Cryptocorynes
Crystalwort
Dwarf Lily
Grassy
Grassy II
Hornwort
Hygrophila
Lace
Java Fern I
Java Fern II
Java Fern III
Java Fern IV
Java Moss
Moss Balls
Onion
Vermiculite

Watersprite

Different Watersprite

                             

Provide Healthy Water.  Give your fish healthy water at the correct temperature and you’ll rarely see diseases in your fish population.

Remove Stressors.  Nasty water stresses your fish and makes them susceptible to disease.  Other important stressors include:

    Temperature changes,
    Insufficient filtration,
     Cloudy water,
     Bullies and nippers,
    Excess organics,
    Low oxygen,
    Bad food, and
    Other sick fish in the tank.

1.  Use a Heater.  Heaters stabilize the temp in your tank.  Even a 2o drop in temp can make them susceptible to ich.

2.  Check Your Filter.  Make sure your air pump and airstones are cranking.  Is your outside filter flowing?  You cannot over-filter your tank.  People who use two types of filter systems provide the best water.  Remember that it takes six weeks for a new biological filter to come up to speed – unless you jump start it.

3.  Fix Your Cloudy Water.  Cloudy water comes from bacteria eating the excess food you overfed your fish.  Bacteria can consume much more oxygen than the water can absorb.  Add a water clarifier and cut back on their food – way back. 

4.  Remove the Bullies.  You just found out that cute little cichlid turned into a scaly terror.  Give him to a friend (or a former friend).

5.  Remove the Organics.  Water changes get rid of dissolved organics.  Gravel vacuuming removes solids.

6.  Add More Oxygen.  Add a new airstone.  Better yet, add a sponge filter.  Best, add a new power filter.

7.  Feed the Right Food.  No matter what, you need to provide the right food.  For instance, elephant noses don’t like flake foods.  They will wither away and get sick if you fail to provide the correct food.

8.  Quarantine New Fish.  Protect your current fish from any potential diseases carried by new fish by quarantining any newbees for a week or three.  We realize that the last freshwater hobbyist who followed this practice died in 1950.  Nobody quarantines their fish anymore.  However, keepers of saltwater tanks know the value of this technique.  Try it.  You’ll save some bucks -- and some fish.

Cull the Herd.  Sometimes it works better to remove and humanely destroy an infected fish rather than treat it.  Spending $5 to maybe cure a $2 fish is not always the best idea.

Quarantine Your Sick Fish.  Removing sick fish to another tank prevents them from infecting your healthy fish.  Removing sick fish also enables you to medicate the heck out of them without harming your healthy fish.

The Quarantine Tank.  Use a bare tank, a heater, and a sponge filter.  Keep it simple as possible.  Change 100% of the water every two or three days.  You can medicate this tank without fear of messing up your main tank.  And it costs less to medicate a 10-gallon tank rather than a 55.

How to Make Healthy Water.  Two-day-old water with one teaspoon of salt per gallon plus NovAqua makes great water. (Warm it to the temp of your tank before adding it.)  Feel free to use similarly treated zero-day-old tap water on large fishes.  Little guys – like neons – can’t always handle massive water changes.

Correct Your Water.  Correct your current aquarium water by gravel vacuuming out half of it.  Then add healthy water as described above.  Add a good ich cure to it at half strength -- one of those malachite green and formaldehyde products.

Soft Water.  Commercial water softeners make little difference to your fishes.  They exchange the sodium in salt for some of the carbonates in your water.  Total dissolved solids remain the same.  Many water plants hate sodium or salt in their water.  Fish love it.  It promotes slime production and helps them ward off some diseases.  Salt also decreases the harmful effects of high nitrite levels.

LA Pic
Add these products carefully.

Antibiotics Work.  The biggest problem with those bacteria killers?  Many actually work.  They work by preventing new bacteria (which are actually plants) from building cell walls.  This means they also kill -- or severely wound -- the beneficial bacteria (nitrosomonas and nitrobacters) that convert fish wastes to harmless substances.  You wind up starting all over again with the “new tank syndrome.”  You can also kill your plants with antibiotics.  Keep away from antibiotics unless you know exactly what you’re doing.  Few do.  Take two aspirins and call us in the morning.  LA.

© 2000, © 2003, © 2004  LA Productions

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Cichlids
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Red Parrots Spawn
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Uarus
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Misc Cichlids V
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Misc Cichlids VIII

Livebearer  
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Minnows/Tetra 
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Distochodus
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Misc Mini-Fish
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Michael Troung's Pix
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Exodon paradoxus
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Misc Odd  IV

Misc Odd V

Sharks  
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Bull
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Pond Info 
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